Trick of the Trade: Speed up ECG paper rate to differentiate tachycardias

Dec 11, 12
Trick of the Trade: Speed up ECG paper rate to differentiate tachycardias

Tachycardia_ECGtracing
Undifferentiated tachycardias, especially when the rate is extremely fast, make it difficult to see anything other than the QRS complexes! Is there a P or flutter wave?

Trick of the Trade: Speed up ECG paper rate 1,2

Double the ECG paper speed to 50 mm/sec

Standard ECG machines run at 25 mm/sec. If you double the paper output speed, subtle ECG findings hidden in the tracings become more evident. Imagine the ECG tracing as a string and that you are pulling on both ends. Everything, including the QRS complex and intervals, gets wider.

What are your experiences with this?

Atrial flutter at 150 bpm

  • Standard rate 25 mm/sec

AtrialFlutter_25mmsec

  • Faster rate 50 mm/sec (red arrows are flutter waves)

AtrialFlutter_50mmsec

Thanks to Dr. Amal Mattu for sharing his ECGs with me from his University of Maryland ECG archives. If you haven’t heard of this amazing ECG video series, you should definitely check it out.

Below is the video teaching this point within the topic of narrow-complex regular tachycardias. This trick is seen at the 15:00 minute mark.

For another example, check out Dr. John Larkin’s blog ECG of the Week post on a pediatric SVT rhythm at 300 bpm with no P waves seen at 50 mm/sec.

1.
Accardi A, Miller R, Holmes J. Enhanced diagnosis of narrow complex tachycardias with increased electrocardiograph speed. J Emerg Med. 2002;22(2):123-126. [PubMed]
2.
Gaspar J, Body R. Best evidence topic report. Differential diagnosis of narrow complex tachycardias by increasing electrocardiograph speed. Emerg Med J. 2005;22(10):730-732. [PubMed]

Author information

Michelle Lin, MD

ALiEM Founder and CEO
Professor and Digital Innovation Lab Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of California, San Francisco

The post Trick of the Trade: Speed up ECG paper rate to differentiate tachycardias appeared first on ALiEM.

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